As with any animal you must have a plan for parasite control. As the old saying goes an ounce of prevention is work a pound of cure.
Clean cages, perches, feed dishes and water and food containers on a regular basis.
Exposure: Do not allow exposure to wild birds, as they carry disease and parasites that can be transmitted to your birds. If you or a friend has chickens be aware that chickens carry parasites that can be easily transmitted to your canaries.
There are two treatments that appear to be recommended for biting parasites. Ivermectin S76 and Scatt. We decided to follow the format we use on other animals and alternate the products.
- Remains in the system for 3 weeks. It is not recommended on birds 6 months and under.
- Limit to 4 times per year
- One drop on back of neck (on the vein)
- Do not use until at least 10 days after Ivermectin s76 treatments
- Preventative: 2 consecutive days in drinking water every three weeks. Other instructions state 2 consecutive days every month
- Evidence of mites: 2 consecutive days in drinking water for three weeks. Then one day a week for 3 more weeks. Clean cages! It is good for the birds to bathe in the solution also. Except when there are eggs or chicks in the nest.
- Be careful on the dosage…1/8 tsp for 1 cup of water. Or 6 drops per 4 oz of water.
5% Sevin Dust
– use under nests, bottom of cage. Other websites say you can dust the bird with it…but then I read the warning labels and was concerned. So went the conservative approach…Do no harm .. did not dust the birds and did not put on bottom of the cage where the birds had access. If you used DE this might not be much of a concern.
AIL- Avian insect liquidator
– I am unsure of the active ingredients but seems to be highly recommended.
- Spray birds and cages every 6 weeks.
- Garlic – sprinkle garlic powder on food twice a week
- Oregano – Fresh – let them eat it
- Lavender- Sprig on outside of cage
- Rosemary – Sprig on outside of cage
- Silver dollar Eucalyptus –Sprig on outside of cage
- Carbolic Soap-under the nest
We found mites in one of our canary nests.—not good
Removed the birds from the room. Sprayed our whole house with insect spray (we and the birds had to leave for two days).
- Sprayed the birds with Ultra Care Mite & Lice Bird Spray (pyrethrins) active ingredient
- Placed birds in another room in clean cages
- Disposed of all nesting material and food including cuttlebones.
- Washed perches in bleach water allowed to dry or put in new ones.
April 11th & 12th
Treated with S76 two consecutive days
- Waited two weeks for more treatment on the advice of the manufacturer of SCATT
April 25th Treated with one drop of SCATT
- Waited three weeks, still have a few mites and the birds are itching. Lost all of our chicks.
May 16 & 17th Treated with S76 two consecutive days
- May 22nd Removed and disinfected all nests, Sprayed the rooms again, replaced nests, Carbolic soap in bottom, then a muffin cup with 5% Sevin Dust, clean wicker nest with nest pad on top so the birds and chicks will not be in direct contact with the Sevin Dust and soap.
May 24th Sprayed with AIL birds and cages.
May 28th & 29th treated with S76 again.
- Birds breeding and building nests.
- May 31st
- First eggs in the nest(s) Now the symptoms are only of itching. Cannot find any other evidence of mites.
June 4th & 5th contined treatment with S76
- Birds are itching again.
- Then once a week for three more weeks- whew that takes us to June 18th.
- July 5th AIL to be done again
>>> Other Information- nests & perches
To clean wooden bird perches. Wash then bake in oven at 250 degrees for one hour. Dip ends in 5% Sevin Dust.
Use DE on carpet and in any areas where bugs might hide.
Nest pan preparation:
- Place a small amount of carbolic soap on the nest pan
- Place a paper baking cup in the nest pan – the soap acts like a temporary glue
- Sprinkle 5% Sevin Dust in the baking cup
- Position a nest pan liner on a bamboo or wicker nest (makes it easier to remove and clean or replace the nest)
- Put the whole thing together and install on cage.
- IVERMECTIN: s76
- 5% Sevin Dust
- AIL- Avian insect liquidator
- April 1st
- April 11th & 12th
- April 25th Treated with one drop of SCATT
- May 16 & 17th Treated with S76 two consecutive days
- May 24th Sprayed with AIL birds and cages.
- May 28th & 29th treated with S76 again.
- June 4th & 5th contined treatment with S76
- >>> Other Information- nests & perches
- Nest pan preparation: